temperature lapse rate

temperature lapse rate
температурний градієнт; інтенсивність падіння температури (напр. на кожен кілометр висоти)

Англійсько-український словник авіаційних термінів / Уклад.: Р.О. Гільченко. - К.: НАУ. 2009.

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  • Lapse rate — The lapse rate is defined as the rate of decrease with height for an atmospheric variable. The variable involved is temperature unless specified otherwise.[1][2] The terminology arises from the word lapse in the sense of a decrease or decline;… …   Wikipedia

  • lapse rate — lapse′ rate n. mer the rate of decrease of atmospheric temperature with increase of elevation vertically above a given location • Etymology: 1915–20 …   From formal English to slang

  • lapse rate — Meteorol. the rate of decrease of atmospheric temperature with increase of elevation vertically above a given location. [1915 20] * * * ▪ meteorology       rate of change in temperature observed while moving upward through the Earth s atmosphere …   Universalium

  • lapse rate — noun : the rate of change of any meteorological element with increase of height; specifically : the rate of decrease of temperature with increase of height called also vertical gradient * * * Meteorol. the rate of decrease of atmospheric… …   Useful english dictionary

  • lapse rate — The rate of decrease of an atmospheric variable with height. However, the term normally refers to the fall of temperature with height. The three types of lapse rates referred to in meteorology are dry adiabatic lapse rate, saturated adiabatic… …   Aviation dictionary

  • adiabatic lapse rate — The rate at which the temperature changes as the air rises or falls without the heat being taken away from or given to the air mass. The standard adiabatic lapse rate is 3°C/1000 ft, 5.4°F/1000 ft, or 9.8°C/km when air is dry (dry adiabatic lapse …   Aviation dictionary

  • lapse rate — noun The rate of change in atmospheric temperature with increase of height. The variable normally is temperature unless specified otherwise. This is a vertical direction of travel (up or down), and the temperature may rise or fall suddenly …   Wiktionary

  • lapse rate — noun Date: 1918 the adiabatic rate of decrease of atmospheric temperature with increasing altitude …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • lapse rate — noun the rate at which air temperature falls with increasing altitude …   English new terms dictionary

  • lapse rate — /ˈlæps reɪt/ (say laps rayt) noun the rate of decrease in an atmospheric variable, usually temperature, occurring with height …  

  • dry adiabatic lapse rate — The rate of decrease of the temperature with the height of a parcel of dry air lifted adiabatically through the earth’s atmosphere in hydrostatic equilibrium. This lapse rate is g/cp, where g is the acceleration of gravity and cp is the specific… …   Aviation dictionary

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